getmntent(3)                                          Library Functions Manual                                         getmntent(3)

       getmntent, setmntent, addmntent, endmntent, hasmntopt, getmntent_r - get filesystem descriptor file entry

       Standard C library (libc, -lc)

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <mntent.h>

       FILE *setmntent(const char *filename, const char *type);

       struct mntent *getmntent(FILE *stream);

       int addmntent(FILE *restrict stream,
                     const struct mntent *restrict mnt);

       int endmntent(FILE *streamp);

       char *hasmntopt(const struct mntent *mnt, const char *opt);

       /* GNU extension */
       #include <mntent.h>

       struct mntent *getmntent_r(FILE *restrict streamp,
                     struct mntent *restrict mntbuf,
                     char buf[restrict .buflen], int buflen);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

           Since glibc 2.19:
           glibc 2.19 and earlier:
               _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

       These  routines  are  used  to access the filesystem description file /etc/fstab and the mounted filesystem description file

       The setmntent() function opens the filesystem description file filename and returns a file pointer  which  can  be  used  by
       getmntent().   The  argument  type  is  the  type  of  access  required and can take the same values as the mode argument of
       fopen(3).  The returned stream should be closed using endmntent() rather than fclose(3).

       The getmntent() function reads the next line of the filesystem description file from stream  and  returns  a  pointer  to  a
       structure  containing the broken out fields from a line in the file.  The pointer points to a static area of memory which is
       overwritten by subsequent calls to getmntent().

       The addmntent() function adds the mntent structure mnt to the end of the open stream.

       The endmntent() function closes the stream associated with the filesystem description file.

       The hasmntopt() function scans the mnt_opts field (see below) of the mntent structure mnt for a substring that matches  opt.
       See <mntent.h> and mount(8) for valid mount options.

       The reentrant getmntent_r() function is similar to getmntent(), but stores the mntent structure in the provided *mntbuf, and
       stores the strings pointed to by the entries in that structure in the provided array buf of size buflen.

       The mntent structure is defined in <mntent.h> as follows:

           struct mntent {
               char *mnt_fsname;   /* name of mounted filesystem */
               char *mnt_dir;      /* filesystem path prefix */
               char *mnt_type;     /* mount type (see mntent.h) */
               char *mnt_opts;     /* mount options (see mntent.h) */
               int   mnt_freq;     /* dump frequency in days */
               int   mnt_passno;   /* pass number on parallel fsck */

       Since fields in the mtab and fstab files are separated by whitespace, octal escapes are used  to  represent  the  characters
       space  (\040), tab (\011), newline (\012), and backslash (\\) in those files when they occur in one of the four strings in a
       mntent structure.  The routines addmntent() and getmntent() will convert from string representation to  escaped  representa‐
       tion and back.  When converting from escaped representation, the sequence \134 is also converted to a backslash.

       The getmntent() and getmntent_r() functions return a pointer to the mntent structure or NULL on failure.

       The addmntent() function returns 0 on success and 1 on failure.

       The endmntent() function always returns 1.

       The hasmntopt() function returns the address of the substring if a match is found and NULL otherwise.

              filesystem description file

              mounted filesystem description file

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       │Interface                 │ Attribute     │ Value                                                                          │
       │setmntent(), endmntent(), │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe                                                                        │
       │hasmntopt()               │               │                                                                                │
       │getmntent()               │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:mntentbuf locale                                                │
       │addmntent()               │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe race:stream locale                                                     │
       │getmntent_r()             │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe locale                                                                 │

       The nonreentrant functions are from SunOS 4.1.3.  A routine getmntent_r() was introduced in HP-UX 10, but it returns an int.
       The prototype shown above is glibc-only.

       System  V  also has a getmntent() function but the calling sequence differs, and the returned structure is different.  Under
       System V /etc/mnttab is used.  4.4BSD and Digital UNIX have a routine getmntinfo(), a wrapper around the system call  getfs‐

       fopen(3), fstab(5), mount(8)

Linux man-pages 6.03                                         2023-02-05                                                getmntent(3)